研討會 Seminar |「『十四五』的戰略規劃與香港機遇」研討會成功舉行 “Strategic Planning of the 14th Five-Year Plan and the Opportunities for Hong Kong” was successfully convened

由全國港澳研究會、香港再出發大聯盟和一國兩制研究中心聯合主辦,華潤集團協辦的「『十四五』的戰略規劃與香港機遇」研討會,於 3 月 30 日下午成功舉行,是次研討會由全國政協副主席、香港特別行政區前任行政長官 梁振英先生主持,並邀得多位政、商、學界知名人士出席交流。

Jointly organized by the Chinese Association of Hong Kong & Macao Studies, the Hong Kong Coalition, One Country Two Systems Research Institute, and co-organized by China Resources Holdings, the Seminar “Strategic Planning of the 14th Five-Year Plan and the Opportunities for Hong Kong” was successfully convened on 30th March 2021.  The seminar was officiated by Vice-Chairman of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, former Chief Executive of the HKSAR, Mr. Leung Chun-ying. Representatives from government institutions, business, and the academia were invited for a panel discussion. 

由全國港澳研究會、香港再出發大聯盟和一國兩制研究中心聯合主辦,華潤集團協辦的「『十四五』的戰略規劃與香港機遇」研討會,於3月30日下午成功舉行,是次研討會由全國政協副主席、香港特別政區前任行政長官梁振英先生主持,並邀得多位政、商、學界知名人士出席。

研討會主講嘉賓包括國家科學技術部部長王志剛先生;國家發展和改革委員會副主任胡祖才先生;全國政協常委及經濟委員會副主任、中央財經領導小組辦公室前副主任楊偉民先生;全國港澳研究會會長、國務院港澳事務辦公室前副主任徐澤先生;以及中國人民大學副校長劉元春教授。同時,研討會還邀請到多位商界及學界專家擔任討論嘉賓,包括香港交易及結算所有限公司前集團行政總裁李小加先生;香港科技大學首席副校長、計算機科學及工程學系講座教授倪明選教授;香港貿易發展局前副總裁葉澤恩先生;以及大灣區香港中心研究總監王緝憲博士。各位嘉賓從不同角度分享個人見解,引領大家深入思考香港應如何把握「十四五」規劃的要義和重點,服務國家所需的同時,積極發揮所長,並找準新的發展機遇。

梁振英先生在開場致辭時指出,今年3月,第十三屆全國人大四次會議正式審議通過了「十四五」規劃和2035遠景目標綱要,規劃綱要不僅對香港有具體的期望和要求,也是香港積極融入國家發展大局的藍圖和指引。國家發展一日千里,香港方面對國家的發展和規劃一直以來缺乏深入了解,舉辦本次研討會並邀請了諸多金融、科技、物流和貿易方面的專家,目標就是要解決「不知道」的問題。

胡祖才先生指出「十四五」規劃繼續就支持港澳發展設置專章,並在推進粵港澳大灣區建設等相關章節中積極考慮與港澳發展銜接,充分表明中央政府堅定支持港澳繁榮發展的方向不會變。一方面支持香港鞏固提升競爭優勢,另一方面支持香港融入國家發展大局特別是粵港澳大灣區建設。

王志剛先生強調,香港的科技力量是國家戰略科技力量的一個重要組成部分。「十四五」時期國家將大力支持香港建設國家級科研平台,不斷深化香港與內地的協同創新。王部長隨後進一步肯定了香港科研人員科學技術強、創新熱情高,對於和內地共同推動國家科技創新發展有強烈的積極性、主動性。國家將鼓勵香港青年科技人員到內地學習研究,為香港青年在內地特別是大灣區發展創造更多機會。

楊偉民先生從「十四五」時期面臨的形勢和任務講起,提出「規劃」的基本邏輯是立足新發展階段、貫徹新發展理念、構建新發展格局,同時指明「十四五」規劃的新目標、新任務、新舉措都是從此「三新」出發。圍繞構建新發展格局,楊偉民先生指出要把握好六個關鍵字:格局、循環、開放、整體、構建和系統,同時也就構建新發展格局的重點任務進行了闡述。

徐澤先生指出,香港在國家實現「十四五」規劃和2035年遠景目標中大有可為,並將實現自身更大發展。中央先後制定實施香港國安法和完善香港選舉制度,為的是排除內外敵對勢力的干擾,讓香港實現由亂及治。參與和推進粵港澳大灣區建設是香港在融入國家發展大局中實現自身更大發展的最重要的抓手。他對推進大灣區建設提出三點意見建議:一是加強頂層設計與決策執行。二是以深港河套等重點區域建設形成輻射帶動。三是著力在國際科創中心建設等重點領域取得突破。

劉元春教授通過比較與「十三五」規劃綱要的異同,提出香港應從國際化的中轉站到融入國內大循環,成為國內與國際雙循環相互促進的核心樞紐。以及通過梳理香港創新科技的短板和著力點,提出香港的科創定位應從教育國際化、高端化向科創體系和實體經濟化轉變。

五位主講嘉賓分別作出分享後,由梁振英先生作為主持帶領討論嘉賓進行討論及接受來賓發問。討論過程中,倪明選教授提到香港應創造科技人才成長好土壤,將人才留在香港,為香港創造更多價值。更進一步提出,香港科研必須融入大灣區,才有更好的發展。同時,香港政府的管理體制也需要與時俱進,在人才招聘等領域給予香港高校更多信任。

王緝憲博士指出,「十四五」規劃公佈後,香港社會各界不應覺得是「被規劃」,而是要對於未來發展的問題提前部署。例如碳中和目標的提出,倒逼我們需要用更可持續的方式發展。而伴隨大灣區的發展,船隻車輛飛機進出量都會增加,空域管理就將成為大灣區發展卡脖子問題,未來應更加關注這類問題。

李小加先生隨後提出,香港對於國家發展的物理的、直接的、量的影響是有限的,而化學的、聯通轉換的、質的影響是巨大的。例如,香港作為海洋法系地區,對於國家金融、資本和人民幣國際化的發展意義重大,以及由於香港制度上的優勢,在人、資金、知識產權規則等方面對於國家科技創新的發展也十分關鍵。

葉澤恩先生最後提到,國內國際雙循環是兩個系統,但又不是隔絕的,香港可以在鏈結國內國際雙循環的環節發揮重要作用。

 

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Seminar: Strategic Planning of the 14th Five-Year Plan and the Opportunities for Hong Kong

[30th March 2021] Jointly organized by the Chinese Association of Hong Kong & Macao Studies, the Hong Kong Coalition, One Country Two Systems Research Institute, and co-organized by China Resources Holdings, the Seminar “Strategic Planning of the 14th Five-Year Plan and the Opportunities for Hong Kong” was successfully convened on 30th March 2021. The seminar was officiated by Vice-Chairman of the 13th CPPCC National Committee, former Chief Executive of the HKSAR, Mr. Leung Chun-ying. Vice- Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Mr. Hu Zucai, Minister of the Ministry of Science and Technology Mr. Wang Zhigang, Standing Committee Member and Deputy Director of the Committee on Economic Affairs, 13th CPPCC National Committee, Mr. Yang Weimin, President of the Chinese Association of Hong Kong & Macao Studies, Mr. Xu Ze, Vice President of the Renmin University of China, Prof. Liu Yuanchun were invited as guest speakers. At the same time, prestigious guests were invited to the panel discussion, including former Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited, Mr. Charles Li, HKUST Provost and Chair Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, Prof. Lionel M. Ni, Former Deputy Executive Director of the Hong Kong Trade Development Counci,l Mr. Raymond Yip, and Research Director of the Bay Area Hong Kong Centre, Dr. James Wang.

Mr. Leung Chun-ying pointed out in his opening speech that, in March 2021, the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress formally reviewed and approved Outline of the "14th Five-Year Plan and the Long-Range Objectives Through 2035''. The Outline has specific expectations and requirements for Hong Kong, and also serves as a blueprint and guideline for Hong Kong to integrate into the overall national development. Our country is developing rapidly, but Hong Kong has always lacked an in-depth understanding of the country’s development and planning. Inviting experts from the fields of finance, technology, trade and logistics, this Seminar aims to help resolve the aforementioned "unfamiliarity" problem.

Deputy Director of NDRC, Mr. Hu Zucai, emphasized that, the 14th Five Year Plan continues the particular chapter for supporting the development of Hong Kong and Macau. It also actively considers linking up with Hong Kong and Macao's development in the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. The document fully demonstrates that the Central Government's firm support for the prosperity and development of Hong Kong and Macao remains unchanged. On one hand, the 14th Five Year Plan supports Hong Kong consolidating and enhancing its competitive advantages; on the other hand, it supports Hong Kong's integration into the overall national development, especially the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area development.

Minister Wang Zhigang emphasized that Hong Kong's technological strength is a crucial component of the national technology strategy. During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the state will support the construction of a national scientific research platform in Hong Kong and continue to deepen collaborative innovation between Hong Kong and the Mainland. Mr. Wang then acknowledged Hong Kong researchers’ strong scientific consciousness, high enthusiasm for innovation, and passion for promoting national technological innovation and entrepreneurship development with the Mainland. The state will encourage capable and willing Hong Kong tertiary research institutions to join the national technological innovation and entrepreneurship system. Meanwhile, the state will create more opportunities for Hong Kong youths to develop their careers in the Mainland, especially in the Greater Bay Area.

Mr. Yang Weimin pointed out that the basic logic of the 14th Five -ear Plan is based on the new development stage, to implement the new development philosophies, and to construct a new development paradigm. At the same time, he indicated that the new goals, new tasks, and new measures of the "14th Five-Year Plan" originated from the core values of the "three new fronts''. Regarding the construction of the new development pattern, Mr. Yang pointed out that we have to properly grasp the six keywords: paradigm, circulation, openness, totality, construction and system. He also explained the key tasks of constructing the new development paradigm.

Mr. Xu Ze delivered his speech "Opportunities ahead, further integration into the Greater Bay Area". Mr. Xu pointed out that, while China realizes the 14th Five-Year Plan and 2035 Vision, Hong Kong has a lot to do and will achieve greater self-development. The Central Government has formulated and implemented the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and improved the Hong Kong electoral system to preclude internal and external hostile forces and transform Hong Kong from turmoil into governance. Participating in and advancing the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area construction is the most critical channel for Hong Kong to achieve more significant development while integrating into the country's overall development. He put forward three suggestions on impelling the Greater Bay Area's construction: First, strengthen the top-level design and implementation of policies. Second, focus on constructing key regions such as Hong Kong-Shenzhen Innovation and Technology Park to stimulate the development of related regions. Finally, try to make breakthroughs in key areas such as International Science and Technology Innovation Center construction.

By comparing the similarities and differences with the Outline of the "13th Five-Year Plan", Professor Liu Yuanchun suggested that Hong Kong should integrate into the Mainland's domestic cycle and transform from an international transit point to a regional key pivot in China’s domestic and international dual circulations. By overcoming the shortcomings and focusing on Hong Kong's innovative technology, he proposed that Hong Kong's technological innovation positioning should shift from high-end and internationalized education to technological innovation ecosystem and the real economy.

During the panel discussion session, our distinguished guests discussed how various sectors of Hong Kong can grasp the opportunities of the 14th Five-Year Plan for their developments.

Professor Lionel Ni mentioned that Hong Kong should cultivate an atmosphere favorable for the growth of technological talents, and to retain talents and create higher value for Hong Kong. He further proposed that Hong Kong's technological research must be integrated into the Greater Bay Area for better development. In terms of children's education, research infrastructure, housing for talents, etc., Hong Kong should create a good innovation and technology ecological environment. At the same time, the management system of the Hong Kong government should also keep abreast with the latest development, to delegate more authority to Hong Kong universities in areas such as talent recruitment.

Dr. James Wang reminded that different sectors of Hong Kong should not feel they are "being planned" after the announcement of the "14th Five-Year Plan" but to make advance preparations for future developmental issues. For example, the proposal of the target for carbon neutrality urges us to adopt a more sustainable approach to development. Following the development of the Greater Bay Area, the inflow and outflow of ships, vehicles, and aircraft will increase, and airspace management will become a major obstacle for development. This kind of issue should receive more attention in the future.

Mr. Charles Li Xiaojia later raised the point that Hong Kong has limited physical, direct, and quantitative influences on national development, whereas it has tremendous catalytic, interconnected, and qualitative impact to the country. For example, Hong Kong as a region under the Common Law, has great significance to the national development of finance, capital, and RMB internationalization. With Hong Kong’s institutional advantages, it plays crucial roles in the national innovative development of talent, capital, and intellectual property.

Mr. Raymond Yip indicates that the Domestic-International “Dual Circulations” are two but not separate ones, Hong Kong can play a role of “connector” in linking up both the circulations.

 

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[2021-03-30]